Mayflower 1:60 Scale (AM1413) Historic Scale Wooden Model Ship Kit by Amati Model
Length 25-1/2″ Scale 1:60 Intermediate Level
Plank on Bulkhead Construction
MAYFLOWER 1:60 Scale- BROUGHT FIRST SETTLERS TO AMERICA
MAYFLOWER In 1620 the English galleon Mayflower set out from the English port of Southampton with 102 pilgrims on board. Because of bad weather, the crossing took 77 days. On December 21 the ship landed at what is today Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Amati’s Mayflower model ship kit includes keel, pre-cut wooden frames and decks, wooden strips for planking and grating, all wooden and metal accessories and fittings, decoration and windows are printed on special paper, wooden dowels for masts and yards, rope for rigging, flags and sail material. A detailed instruction booklet and large plans will make construction thoroughly enjoyable.
Detailed History: The ship Mayflower was used as a cargo ship trading (often in wine) between England and other European countries, principally France but also Norway, Germany and Spain. At least between 1609 and 1622 it was mastered by Christopher Jones, who was Captain on the transatlantic voyage, and based in Rotherhithe. He was buried in the graveyard of St. Mary’s Church, Rotherhithe following his death in March 1622, and it is likely that the ship was broken up for scrap lumber there in the following year. The Mayflower Barn just outside the Quaker village of Jordans in Buckinghamshire, England, purports to be constructed from these timbers.
Details regarding the size and overall dimensions of the Mayflower are unknown, but it has been estimated from its load weight and the usual size of 180-ton merchant ships in the period to be 90-110 feet in length and about 25 feet in width. (The size of a ship is measured, not by its own weight, but by burden (the amount the ship can carry). The term “ton,” as used to measure the burden of a ship, derives from the word “tun,” a large cask used for storing wine as it was being shipped.) Careful research went into designing a replica, the Mayflower II (launched on September 22, 1956), to make it as much like its namesake as possible.
Initially the plan was for the voyage to be made in two vessels (the other being the smaller Speedwell. The first voyage of the ships departed Southampton, England on August 5, 1620, but the Speedwell. developed a leak and had to be refitted at Dartmouth. On the second attempt, the ships reached the Atlantic, but once again were forced to return, to Plymouth because of the Speedwell’s leak. After some re-organization the final 66-day voyage was made by the Mayflower alone.
With the crowding of 102 passengers plus crew, each family was allotted very little space for personal belongings. At one point, the ship’s main beam cracked and had to be repaired using a large iron screw. The Mayflower landed at Renews on the southern shore of the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland, where it picked up water and supplies from local fishing families before sailing on to Cape Cod. Their intended destination was a section of land in the area near the Hudson River. The ship, however, was forced off course by poor weather on the second half of the voyage. (The first half however was pleasant with nice weather.)
As a result of the delay, the settlers did not arrive at the future site of Plymouth Colony until the onset of a harsh New England winter. They had failed to reach Virginia, where they had permission from the London Company to settle. To establish legal order outside of this jurisdiction, and to quell increasing strife within their ranks, the settlers wrote and signed the Mayflower Compact. On April 5, 1621 the Mayflower set sail from Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts on a return trip to England, arriving back on May 6, 1621. The passengers on the Mayflower were the earliest permanent settlers in New England.
The Mayflower is a significant historical sailing ship that is known for its role in the founding of the Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts. The ship was built in 1609 in Harwich, England, and was originally used as a cargo vessel. However, in 1620, it became famous for its voyage across the Atlantic Ocean carrying a group of English Puritans, known as the Pilgrims, seeking religious freedom in the New World.
The Pilgrims had initially planned to settle in the northern part of the Virginia Colony, but due to bad weather and navigational issues, they ended up landing in Cape Cod, Massachusetts. The Mayflower was a typical English merchant ship of the time, measuring approximately 90 feet in length and 25 feet in width. It had three masts, a square rig, and a single deck. The ship was also equipped with cannons for protection against potential threats on the voyage.
The Mayflower’s journey to the New World was not an easy one. The ship encountered numerous challenges, including rough seas, storms, and sickness among the passengers. Despite these obstacles, the ship’s skilled crew, led by Captain Christopher Jones, successfully navigated the treacherous waters and reached their destination after a grueling 66-day voyage. Upon arrival, the Mayflower anchored in Provincetown Harbor, where the Pilgrims signed the Mayflower Compact, establishing a basic form of government for the new colony. The ship then made its final journey to Plymouth, where the Pilgrims began building their settlement.
The Mayflower continued to be used for trade and transportation for several years before finally being sold for scrap in 1624. Despite its relatively short lifespan, the Mayflower’s significance in American history cannot be overstated. Its voyage marked the beginning of European colonization in New England and the foundation of the United States.
Today, a replica of the Mayflower can be found in Plymouth Harbor, serving as a reminder of the bravery and determination of the Pilgrims and their journey on this iconic sailing ship.
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